The origin of Roman chamomile essential oil

Roman chamomile is an annual herbaceous plant reaching 40 cm with finely dissected leaves. The theoretical content of essential oil varies widely, ranging between 0.25% to 1% for the richest and well-cultivated plants.

Bulgarian Roman Chamomile essential oil is a versatile remedy with well-know health and skincare benefits


Short summary description of the oil:

  • Categories/Mainstream: Essential oils
  • Scientific Name: Chamaemelum nobile
  • Botanical Source: Anthemis nobilis
  • Extraction Method: steam distillation
  • H.S code : 33012949
  • CAS number: 8015-92-7 ; Alternative CAS number: 84649-86-5
  • EC number: : 283-467-5
  • Scent: sweet, fresh, apple-like, fruity
  • Country of origin: Bulgaria

The origin of Roman chamomile essential oil

Roman chamomile is an annual herbaceous plant reaching 40 cm with finely dissected leaves. The theoretical content of essential oil varies widely, ranging between 0.25% to 1% for the richest and well-cultivated plants.

Technological process

The aerial part of the essential oil crop undergoes steam distillation. The essential oil is primarily deposited in the flower head of the plant, but including the stem in the distillation apparatus ensures better drainage of the raw material and a higher-quality oil extraction process. The product is obtained through primary distillation, with the floral waters usable as a product. Roman chamomile oil undergoes a two-step filtration process, and it is packaged in materials suitable for food purposes.

Certification and standardisation

  • Produced according to ISO 9001:2015 and GMP of cosmetic regulations.
  • Produced according to FSSC 22000 – food ingredient.
  • Organic product certification.


Roman Chamomile essential oil, extracted from the flowers of the chamomile plant, is a versatile remedy with well-documented health and skincare benefits. Scientific literature attests to its remarkable properties, particularly its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and soothing effects.

Research by Srivastava et al. (2010) highlights the potent anti-inflammatory properties of Roman Chamomile oil, making it valuable in alleviating symptoms associated with conditions like arthritis and digestive disorders. Additionally, Mao et al. (2016) demonstrated its calming effects on the nervous system, promoting relaxation and reducing stress levels.

Moreover, Singh et al. (2011) emphasize Roman Chamomile oil's antioxidant activity, which protects cells from oxidative damage caused by free radicals. This antioxidant property not only contributes to overall health but also plays a role in reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

In terms of skincare, Roman Chamomile oil offers a range of benefits supported by scientific evidence. Jana et al. (2010) found its antibacterial properties effective in combating acne and reducing inflammation associated with breakouts. Additionally, Boukhatem et al. (2017) demonstrated its soothing and healing effects, making it beneficial for treating minor wounds, irritations, and sunburns. Furthermore, Miguel et al. (2010) highlight its antioxidant activity, which contributes to its anti-aging effects by minimizing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.

Incorporating Roman Chamomile essential oil into daily health and skincare routines can provide a natural and effective way to promote overall well-being and maintain healthy, radiant skin.

Main chemical constituents:

Isobutyl angelate

contributes for relaxation, anti-inflammatory effects, skin benefits, and antioxidant activity. Isobutyl angelate could potentially aid in promoting relaxation, reducing inflammation, soothing skin, and protecting cells from oxidative damage.

Isoamyl angelate

ester compound contributes to a pleasant fruity aroma, enhancing the flavor of foods and beverages. Isoamyl angelate may also find applications in cosmetics and personal care products due to its fruity scent


natural organic compound found associated with potential health benefits, such as anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator properties. Research also suggests its antimicrobial, cognitive, analgesic, antioxidant, and potential anti-cancer effects, though further studies are needed for a comprehensive understanding.

Main properties and usage

  • Aromatherapy: for its calming and soothing properties
  • Medicinal tea: is commonly used to make soothing herbal teas that may help with relaxation, sleep, and digestive issues
  • Skincare products: thanks to its anti-inflammatory and skin-soothing properties
  • Hair care: can promote healthy hair and scalp when added to shampoos and conditioners
  • Pharmaceuticals: chamomile extracts are used in pharmaceutical preparations for their potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties
  • Food and beverages: can be used as a flavoring agent in foods and drinks
  • Natural insecticide: can be used as a natural insect repellent in gardens and
  • Anxiety and depression: can be used as a mild sedative to calm nerves and reduce anxiety by promoting relaxation
  • agriculture
  • Insomnia: the relaxing properties of Roman chamomile promote healthy sleep and fight insomnia
  • Natural allergy reliever: it has the power to relieve mucus congestion, irritations, swelling and skin conditions that are associated with seasonal allergy symptoms
  • Digestive health: contains anodyne compounds that are antispasmodic and can be used to treat or relieve digestive issues
  • Natural remedies: to soothe minor skin irritations, treat minor wounds, and relieve symptoms of colds
  • PMS symptoms: its antispasmodic properties allow it to soothe menstrual cramps and body aches that are commonly associated with PMS
  • Pet care: can be great addition to pet shampoos and conditioners for its calming and skin-soothing effects

Physicochemical characteristics

Indicators: Characteristics and norms:
Appearance Viscous liquid
Color Colorless to yellow green liquid
Odor specific, of Roman chamomile
Relative density, kg/dm3 0,900 ÷ 0,920
Refraction index 1,4380 ÷ 1,4600
Optical rotation − 2 ° ÷ + 3 °
Acid number < 8,0
Name of components - GC – MS/ FID: Norm,%:
Isobuthylisobutyrate 2,0 - 9,0
Alpha Pinene 1,5 - 5,0
Isobuthylmethacrylate 1,0 – 3,0
Isoamylisobutyrate 3,0 – 5,0
Limonene -
2-Methylbuthylmetacrylate 0,5 – 1,5
Isobuthylangelate 30,0 – 45,0
Methylangelate 6,0 – 10,0
Tras-Pinocarveol 2,0 – 5,0
2-Methylbuthylangelate 3,0 – 7,0
Isoamylangelate 12,0 – 22,0
Pinocarvon 1,3 – 4,0